Orders for Saudi Aramco’s debut international bonds topped $85billion (about 65 billion sterling).
Sources familiar with the matter said it was a record-breaking vote of market confidence for the oil giant.
Aramco was expected to raise around $10billion from the deal, which would be priced later on Tuesday.
The sources said that this was a gauge of potential investors’ interests in the Saudi company’s eventual initial public offering.
Before the six-part bond deal was marketed on Monday, Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said that the initial indications of interest for the paper were over $30 billion.
The sources said that the demand for the paper was the largest for emerging markets bonds since an order-book value of more than $52billion for Qatar’s $12billion bonds last year.
According to the sources, Aramco’s bonds have attracted demand from a wide range of investors.
They added that the state-owned Aramco’s vast profits would put its debt rating – if unconstrained by its sovereign links – in the same league as independent oil majors like Exxon Mobil and Shell.
The issue follows on the heels of Aramco’s planned $69.1billion acquisition of a 70 per cent stake in petrochemicals firm Saudi Basic Industries Corp., (SABIC) from the Saudi sovereign wealth fund, a deal that many see as a transfer of government funds aimed at boosting the Saudi Crown Prince’s economic agenda.
“This bond is being issued for two reasons: to establish Aramco’s status as an independent corporate identity and to enable the transfer of wealth out of the company,” said Marcus Chenevix, analyst, MENA and global political research at TS Lombard.
Aramco, however, said that the bond issue was not linked to the SABIC acquisition and many see it as a relationship building exercise with international investors ahead of its planned initial public offering, scheduled for last year and then postponed to 2021.