(FILES) This file photo taken on September 5, 2016 shows a general view of the House of Lords chamber in session at the Houses of Parliament in London. Approved by the House of Commons, the bill on the triggering of Brexit passes before the Lords on Monday. The upper house of parliament should not block the bill, but could disrupt the government’s schedule. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Kirsty Wigglesworth
Britain’s House of Lords begins debating a bill Monday empowering Prime Minister Theresa May to kickstart Brexit — a potentially tricky test given her Conservatives do not hold a majority there.
Discussions in the unelected upper house of parliament get underway after the lower House of Commons overwhelmingly approved the draft legislation earlier this month.
The bill gives May the right to trigger Article 50 of the European Union’s Lisbon Treaty, the formal procedure to start negotiations on leaving the bloc.
The government presented the short bill after losing a high-profile court battle in which judges ruled May must consult parliament before beginning divorce proceedings with Brussels.
The legislation sailed through the Commons this month by 494 votes to 122.
But the government could face greater challenges in the Lords, where only 252 of the more than 800 members are Conservatives.
Peers are proposing changes to the bill that include measures to guarantee the rights of EU nationals in Britain, and defining how parliament votes on a final Brexit deal.
Peter Mandelson, a peer with the opposition Labour party and former European commissioner, said there was a “strong body of opinion” on the seriousness of the two issues.
But he doubted the unelected chamber — whose members are appointees, many of them career politicians — would seek to derail the Brexit bill entirely.
“At the end of the day, the House of Commons must prevail because it is the elected chamber,” Mandelson told BBC television on Sunday.
“But I hope the House of Lords will not throw in the towel early.”
– March deadline –
Ahead of the debate, Justice Minister Liz Truss said the upper house should support the outcome of the June referendum in which 52 percent of voters opted to leave the EU, sending shockwaves around Europe.
“The British people voted for that, they were clear in the referendum and the House of Lords now needs to get on with it,” Truss told the BBC.
Her view was echoed by Conservative MP Dominic Raab, who warned that voters would not look kindly on unelected peers seeking to block the Brexit bill.
“Peers would be wise to consider this clear democratic mandate, and their own futures, when debating the Article 50 Bill this week,” he said.
The Lords will debate the bill on Monday and Tuesday, before two further days of discussions next week and the final reading scheduled for March 7.
If they vote to amend the bill it will pass back to the Commons for further debate, drawing the process out further.
But Brexit minister David Davis said he expects the government to meet its self-imposed deadline of triggering Article 50 by the end of next month.
“I expect it to be resolved in good time before the end of March,” Davis told a news conference in Stockholm on Tuesday.
“So I’m confident we’ll do it before our timetable.”