Animal Husbandry department and Forest officials deposit a bat into a container after catching it inside a well at Changaroth in Kozhikode in the Indian state of Kerala on May 21, 2018. A deadly virus carried mainly by fruit bats has killed at least three people in southern India, sparking a statewide health alert May 21. Eight other deaths in the state of Kerala are being investigated for possible links to the Nipah virus, which has a 70 percent mortality rate./ AFP PHOTO / –
The death toll from an outbreak of the rare Nipah virus in southern India has risen to at least 10, officials said Tuesday, with another 90 people quarantined to try to stem the spread of the disease.
Authorities in Kerala state have ordered emergency measures to control the virus, which is spread by fruit bats.
Three of the fatalities are members of the same family — dead bats were found in a well at their home.
“We sent 18 samples for testing. Out of these 12 tested positive. Ten of those who tested positive have died and the remaining two are undergoing treatment,” a health official in Kerala’s Kozhikode district, the centre of the outbreak, told AFP.
More than 90 people who have come into contact with those who died have been isolated, authorities said.
Nipah has killed more than 260 people in Malaysia, Bangladesh and India since 1998 and has a mortality rate of nearly 70 percent, according to the World Health Organization.
There is no vaccination for the virus which induces flu-like symptoms that lead to an agonising encephalitis and coma.
The WHO has named Nipah as one of the eight priority diseases that could cause a global epidemic, alongside Ebola and Zika.
Among the dead in the Kerala outbreak was nursing assistant and mother-of-two Lini Puthussery, who succumbed to the virus after treating Nipah patients.
Puthussery was cremated even before her family members could bid her a final goodbye because of fears the virus could spread.
In a final note she scribbled in a hospital isolation unit, she urged her husband to take care of the children.
“I don’t think I will be able to see you again. Sorry. Please take care of our children,” she said.
Kerala state Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said Puthussery’s “selfless service will be remembered”.
Authorities from Goa and Tamil Nadu states, neighbouring Kerala, said they were monitoring the spread of the outbreak.