British Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (Brexit Minister) David Davis (L) and European Union Chief Negotiator in charge of Brexit negotiations with Britain Michel Barnier (R) address media representatives at the European Union Commission in Brussels on September, 28, 2017. The EU and the UK concluded a forth round of Brexit talks. / AFP PHOTO / EMMANUEL DUNAND
The EU warned Friday that Britain needs a miracle to unlock the next phase of Brexit talks by next month as it hopes, as leaders debated the post-Brexit future at a summit in Estonia.
The talks in Tallinn were supposed to be devoted to the digital future of Europe, but Britain’s departure from the bloc and discussions of French President Emmanuel Macron’s plans to reboot the union hijacked the agenda.
The youthful Macron has given new impetus to a year of European soul-searching after the Brexit vote, even as the bloc tries to sort out the nitty-gritty of a divorce deal before Britain departs in March 2019.
European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker warned that there was next to no chance that the divorce talks would get far enough by the end of October to move on to discussions on a future trade deal, a crucial demand of Britain.
“By the end of October we will not have sufficient progress,” Juncker said as he arrived for the second day of the summit. “I’m saying there will be no sufficient progress from now until October unless miracles will happen.”
EU leaders are set to decide at a summit on October 19-20 whether there has been “sufficient progress” on three key issues: Britain’s exit bill, the fate of Northern Ireland, and the rights of EU citizens living in Britain.
British Prime Minister Theresa May, however, insisted there had been “very good progress” on the rights of EU expatriates, following a major Brexit speech she gave in Florence, Italy, last week.
“That has been part of the negotiations that we’ve had, very good progress has been made, that was made clear by the statements made by David Davis and Michel Barnier yesterday,” she said.
EU negotiator Barnier and his British counterpart Davis wrapped up a fourth round of Brexit negotiations in Brussels on Thursday saying there had been progress following May’s speech.
Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said there was a “better vibe and a better mood” coming from the talks, but added it was “still very evident there’s more work to be done.”
Estonia, which holds the EU’s six-month rotating presidency, bills itself as among the avant-garde of the digital revolution and called the summit to help promote tech in Europe.
At the digital talks, Macron was expected to push sceptical counterparts to overhaul tax rules so that more of the profits from Silicon Valley giants like Facebook and Google fall into Europe’s public coffers.
In his closely watched speech on Europe Tuesday, Macron thundered against high tech companies that had become the “freeloaders of the modern world”.
The proposal was part of a wider vision that the 39-year-old leader unveiled in a landmark speech in Paris, aimed at reviving a European project hurt by Brexit, populism and the refugee crisis.
At dinner in the Estonian capital on Thursday, EU national leaders held a debate about Macron’s plans.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the EU’s most powerful leader, indicated her support for Macron’s new vision.
“There is a wide agreement between France and Germany when it comes to the proposals, although we must work on the details,” said Merkel, who won re-election on Sunday, but with a disappointing result that saw big inroads by anti-immigrant nationalists.
The leaders discussed the ideas — over courses of flank steak, salmon and rabbit liver — during a “good and constructive debate”, said European Council President Donald Tusk.
Based on the discussion, Tusk, who coordinates EU summit meetings, said he will in two weeks unveil a programme for EU leaders for 2017 and 2018.