(FILES) This file photo taken on October 04, 1989 shows shows former Panamanian strongman General Manuel Noriega waving as he left his headquarters in Panama City following a failed coup against him. According to officials, Noriega died May 29, 2017.The ex-dictator, long on the CIA payroll, was ousted by a US military invasion in 1989, ending his six-year reign. After serving time in the US on drug trafficking and money laundering charges, he was sent to France in 2010 and convicted on money laundering charges. The following year he was extradited to Panama, where he was sentenced for the disappearance of political opponents during his time in power./ AFP PHOTO / Robert SULLIVAN
Panama’s former dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega died in Panama City late Monday, physically diminished after decades of imprisonment for crimes committed during his 1983-1989 rule.
Noriega, 83, passed away in Panama City’s public Santo Tomas hospital where he had been recovering from early March surgery to remove a brain tumor, and a subsequent operation to clean up cerebral bleeding.
The announcement of his death was made by government communications secretary Manuel Dominguez.
“Mr. Noriega died tonight (late Monday),” Dominguez told AFP.
Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela wrote on Twitter that Noriega’s death “closed a chapter in our history.” He said the ex-strongman’s family “deserved to bury him in peace.”
Noriega had been serving lengthy prison sentences in Panama for murder and forced disappearances during his dictatorship.
The former dictator had been granted temporary release on February 28 from his prison overlooking the Panama Canal to undergo surgery.
Following years of ill-health that included respiratory problems, prostate cancer and depression, Noriega’s family pleaded with authorities to him to serve the rest of his sentence under house arrest.
But the government rejected their appeals, and said Noriega would return to prison once he recovered from the brain tumor surgery.
– From CIA agent to US pariah –
Born in 1934 to a poor family, Noriega entered Panama’s military at a young age and rose through the ranks to become de facto ruler of a country that hosts the strategic Panama Canal.
“I knew Noriega when I was a lieutenant and he was a second lieutenant,” said a former National Guard general Ruben Dario Paredes, a Noriega critic.
He was “very attentive and normal, correct, disciplined, and decent — but when that man reached the rank of general he was definitely someone else. Power disfigured him, corrupted him,” Paredes told AFP.
Noriega was reportedly recruited onto the CIA payroll in 1967, the year before he took part in a 1968 coup against then-president Arnulfo Arias.
Noriega supported one of the coup leaders, General Omar Torrijos, who promoted him to head the feared G-2 military intelligence unit.
In 1983, two years after Torrijos’ death in a mysterious plane crash, Noriega – nicknamed “pineapple face” for his pock-marked visage – took charge of the now-defunct National Guard and became Panama’s de facto ruler.
During his ascent and time in power Noriega juggled work for the CIA along with relationships with Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar, Cuba’s Fidel Castro and other foreign intelligence services.
But his increasingly brutal rule and drug dealings led the United States to seek his ouster.
Noriega was toppled in a December 1989 US military invasion, and surrendered to US troops in January 1990.
The former strongman was flown to the United States where a US court convicted him on drug trafficking and money laundering charges, and sentenced him to prison.
In 2010 Noriega was sent to France, where he was convicted on money laundering charges, then extradited to Panama the following year, where he had been sentenced in absentia to prison for political murders and his role in killing soldiers attempting a coup against him.
Noriega returned home as a wheelchair-bound broken man suffering from a series of ailments.
In 2015 Noriega issued a blanket apology “to anybody who felt offended, affected, prejudiced or humiliated by my actions.”
He likely went to the grave without divulging many secrets built up over a lifetime of shady dealings.