Nigeria Super Eagles will square up against Argentina, Iceland and Croatia in Group D when the World Cup starts in June 2018 in Russia.
In a ceremony held at the state Kremlin Palace in Moscow, Nigeria was drawn in group D alongside the South American powerhouse, Croatia and debutants Iceland.
Nigeria had met Argentina in four previous editions of the tournament and lost by odd goal on each occasion.
However, Nigeria defeated Argentina 4-2 in a friendly last month.
Hosts Russia will meet Saudi Arabia in the opening match of the tournament on June 14.
Group A: RUSSIA, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Uruguay
Group B: PORTUGAL, Spain, Morocco, Iran
Group C: FRANCE, Australia, Peru, Denmark
Group D: ARGENTINA, Iceland, Croatia, Nigeria
Group E: BRAZIL, Switzerland, Costa Rica, Serbia,
Group F: GERMANY, Mexico, Sweden, Korea Republic
Group G: BELGIUM, Panama, Tunisia, England
Group H: POLAND, Senegal, Colombia, Japan